GreenTLC

FAQ’s

1. The Legal Status of Cannabis in South Africa – an Update

1. The Legal Status of Cannabis in South Africa – an Update

It is very difficult to get any news about the legal status of cannabis in South Africa in an update. Since March 2017, when the Western Cape High Court passed a ruling that allows people to possess, grow and use cannabis in private at their homes, nothing much has happened. But what we do know is that cannabis is still illegal until such time that the law changes to accommodate commercial growers to go ahead and really invest in cannabis, for companies to make medical cannabis products, for agents to distribute the goods and for all South Africans to benefit from cannabis in some way.

During the past 11 months, those with a keen interest in cannabis have made huge progress towards opening doors for the cultivation of medical cannabis and the production of therapies for health maintenance.

The most recent development has been the Constitutional Court ruling that an individual may grow and consume Cannabis for their own personal use in their own home, so progress continues to be made.

2. Does medical cannabis work on everyone?

2. Does medical cannabis work on everyone?

“Cannabis is the key to unlocking preventative medicine,” says neuroscientist Dr. Michelle Ross. “It helps protect your DNA from damage so it can actually slow down the aging process… I think everyone should use cannabis oil, you should learn about it, you shouldn’t be afraid.” In this short clip from the ‘Reset with Amber Lyon’ podcast, neuroscientist Dr. Michele Ross explains why she believes everyone can benefit from daily use of cannabis oil, or ‘vitamin weed’ as she calls it. Dr. Ross is a former drug researcher for the National Institute on Drug Abuse, turned medical marijuana advocate.

For more information please watch this video:

3. Is your Cannabis Oil of a good quality?

3. Is your Cannabis Oil of a good quality?

Lab tests are not widely available in South Africa and only few producers can actually know the contents of their product. Local laboratories are unable to test for all the cannabinoids in the spectrum.  They can establish that your product contains a certain percentage of CBD or THC but none of the minor cannabinoids such as CBN or THCA.  Local laboratories can also test for residual extraction liquids, such as alcohol and other solvents, as well as the presence of pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers. The rule of thumb is that the lighter the oil, the better its medicinal value. We do not recommend the thick black oils that are not see-through even when held against a bright light.

Oils can be solid or liquid – depending on the extraction method. There are various extraction methods including the Rick Simpson oil (RSO) Butane Hash Oil (BHO) and  Supercritical CO² oil extraction. The CO² form of extraction is often known as the holy grail of medicinal cannabis as it requires modern sophisticated machinery to extract non-toxic compounds, its solvent free, contains the most terpenes.

Carrier OIL:  For maximum absorption and the ability of the human body to metabolize, MCT (medium-chain triglycerides) oils (C6,C8 & C10) are recommended.

4. What is the difference between hemp and cannabis?

4. What is the difference between hemp and cannabis?

Hemp and cannabis serve completely different purposes. Cannabis, as it is widely known, is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Hemp is used in a variety of other applications that marijuana couldn’t possibly be used in. These include healthy dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and accessories. Overall, hemp is known to have over 25,000 possible applications.

Our CBD oil should not be confused with hemp or hemp seed oil that is sold at health shops. Be aware – this type of oil is an expensive nutritional supplement and will not aid in treating any of the ailments that CBD oil can. Hemp or hemp seed oil contains less than 0,03% THC, compared to Icharos CBD Oil which contains 1% THC. The THC component is too low for any psychoactive effect to occur however it is essential as part of a whole plant extract in order to produce the ‘Entourage Effect’.

What is the Entourage Effect?

In 1998, S. Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam first assigned the term ‘Entourage Effect’ to explain the complex interactive synergy that occurs between Cannabis compounds. Cannabis contains more than 60 distinct molecules known as cannabinoids. The plant also produces many non-cannabinoid compounds that also work with the cannabinoids such as terpenes.  All of the compounds in cannabis work together in a unique partnership that is coined as the Entourage Effect by researchers, scientists, and medical professionals.

For more information please watch this video:

5. The Main Differences Between Medical and Recreational Marijuana?

5. The Main Differences Between Medical and Recreational Marijuana?

What Is Recreational Marijuana?

Recreational marijuana is pot that is used without medical justification. Recreational marijuana usually has more THC content than the medicinal variety, as this is what provides users with a “high.”

There are various differences between the two different types of marijuana. These main differences include:

  • Medical cannabis usually contains a higher CBD content than recreational. 
  • This means when you’re taking it, you don’t feel the “high” that’s associated with the recreational variety. Even though there’s no difference between the concentrates and flowers of both types, medical edible potency is frequently higher then its recreational counterpart.
  • Recreational Marijuana typically contains a higher THC content than medical. 
  • This means people usually take this variety more for the “high” effect than the benefits
  • However in certain cases high THC treatment is required for some conditions. Cancer among them.

Sativa vs. Indica

Sativa and Indica are two distinct species from the same cannabis family. They show different growing characteristics and medicinal effects. Understanding the variation can make all the difference for medical users when choosing a strain.

On a chemical level, Indica and Sativa strains are different in their composition of the cannabinoid content, as well as in the balance of other phytochemical compounds, such as terpenes and flavonoids.

Sativa strains usually show a high THC content and low CBD content, whilst landrace Indica strains tend to have a lower THC content, and a somewhat higher CBD content. But thanks to breeding, both Indica and Sativa strains can be found with varying THC:CBD cannabinoid concentrations.

Indica:

Has a dense and short plant structure.

Benefits of Indica:

  1. Relieves body pain
  2. Relaxes muscles
  3. Relieves spasms, reduces seizures
  4. Relieves headaches and migraines
  5. Relieves anxiety or stress

Sativa: 

Has a skinny and tall plant structure. 

Benefits of Sativa:

  1. Feelings of well-being and at-ease
  2. Up-lifting and cerebral thoughts
  3. Stimulates and energizes
  4. Increases focus and creativity
  5. Fights depression

Please bear in mind that these benefits all somewhat general as these they manifest in both varieties of plant to a certain degree. Different people also encounter different reactions to both species so one size most definitely does not fit all.

6. Could Medical Marijuana Replace Some Prescription Drugs

6. Could Medical Marijuana Replace Some Prescription Drugs

Medical cannabis is being proven to assist and treat many medical conditions in a safe and natural way. As research continues to develop, cannabis may present itself as an effective replacement for many pharmaceutical drugs that come with potentially dangerous side effects, however no pharmaceutical drugs should be stopped without consulting your doctor first.